Asthma is a condition where the bronchial airways become swollen. There is no cure for asthma, but it can be managed so that it does not get in the way of a person's normal activities. Wheezing, coughing or chest tightness are asthma symptoms and occur when airways react to things that bring on an attack. These things are called asthma triggers. If you or your child has asthma, you can create the best home environment possible by knowing which asthma triggers are at work and eliminating or minimizing exposure to them. The following items are common asthma triggers that you should avoid.
- Take it outside. Until you can quit smoking, smoke outside, not in your home or car
- Good night, little mite! Dust mites can trigger asthma. Wash sheets and blankets weekly in hot water. Cover mattresses and pillows with dust-proof covers.
- Stake your claim. Household pets can trigger asthma. Keep pets outdoors and do not let them in the bedroom.
- Un-invite unwelcome guests. Cockroaches can trigger asthma. Always clean up messes and store food in airtight containers.
- Break the mold. Mold is another asthma trigger. The key to controlling mold is controlling moisture. Wash and dry hard surfaces to prevent and remove mold. Replace moldy tiles and carpet.
- A little goes a long way. Reduce everyday dust build-up by regularly dusting with a wet cloth and vacuuming carpet and furniture.
- Air it out. Reducing the moisture will control asthma triggers. Use exhaust fans or open windows when cooking or showering. Fix plumbing leaks or other sources of unwanted water.
- Plan before the attack. Work with your doctor to develop a written asthma management plan that includes information on triggers and how to manage them.
3 Inpatient and Ambulatory Hospital Data, New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services, Bureau of Public Health Statistics and Informatics, Health Statistics and Data Management Section, and the Bureau of Data and Systems Management, Office of Medicaid Business and Policy, New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services, 2007.